Women in the Bible – Lesson 3: Ruth

Women in the Bible Mary

A youth Bible study on Women in the Bible based on the Yale Bible Study.

Lesson Developed by

Jill Olds and Victoria Crook



Tips to Prepare

  • If in person, set the room with chairs or around a table for a small group conversation
  • If virtually, schedule in your preferred video platform

Materials Checklist

Scripture Focus

Ruth 1:1-18

In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land, and a certain man of Bethlehem in Judah went to live in the country of Moab, he and his wife and two sons. The name of the man was Elimelech and the name of his wife Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion; they were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They went into the country of Moab and remained there. But Elimelech, the husband of Naomi, died, and she was left with her two sons. These took Moabite wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. When they had lived there about ten years, both Mahlon and Chilion also died, so that the woman was left without her two sons and her husband.

Then she started to return with her daughters-in-law from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the country of Moab that the Lord had considered his people and given them food. So she set out from the place where she had been living, she and her two daughters-in-law, and they went on their way to go back to the land of Judah. But Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go back each of you to your mother’s house. May the Lord deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me. The Lord grant that you may find security, each of you in the house of your husband.” Then she kissed them, and they wept aloud. They said to her, “No, we will return with you to your people.” But Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters, why will you go with me? Do I still have sons in my womb that they may become your husbands? Turn back, my daughters, go your way, for I am too old to have a husband. Even if I thought there was hope for me, even if I should have a husband tonight and bear sons, would you then wait until they were grown? Would you then refrain from marrying? No, my daughters, it has been far more bitter for me than for you, because the hand of the Lord has turned against me.” Then they wept aloud again. Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her. So she said, “See, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods; return after your sister-in-law.” But Ruth said, “Do not press me to leave you or to turn back from following you! Where you go, I will go; Where you lodge, I will lodge; your people shall be my people, and your God my God. Where you die, I will die— there will I be buried. May the Lord do thus and so to me, and more as well, if even death parts me from you!” When Naomi saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more to her. 


  • Begin with a check in with members
  • Open with prayer


Activity 1: Game

  • Play the game Werewolf (also known as Mafia information found here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mafia_(party_game) ) or Among Us if virtual/socially distance/smaller group (PC and mobile game).
  • After a few rounds discuss why students played they way they did? Did anyone make alliances? Where did people put their trust and loyalty? How did they decide the way they were going to vote? What happened when their vote was right? What about when it was wrong?

Activity 2: Video



Read the focal scripture and reflect together on the following questions:

  1. What would it have been like to be Ruth, faced with the choice of staying with her mother-in-law, or going back to her own family? (It may be worth noting here that Ruth was not an Israelite, but was a Moabite. It’s also important to name that widows were left penniless unless they remarried. Staying with Naomi would offer no guarantee of financial security.)
  2. What kinds of loyalty are lauded today? Does the expectation differ by sex or gender?
  3. Have you ever had to make a tough decision related to loyalty?
  4. How was Ruth showing strength in her decision to stay with Naomi?


Send Forth

Close the meeting in prayer (either the leader or a group member).

Yale Youth Ministry Institute